The thermomechanical response of ball-grid array assemblies during reflow soldering is considered here. Experiments are performed to investigate the thermomechanical response of a representative system and the results are used to validate a numerical model of system behavior. The conclusions drawn from the experimental studies are used to guide development of a process model capable of describing more realistic BGA soldering scenarios. Process model predictions illustrate the system’s thermomechanical response to thermal and mechanical processing conditions, as well as component properties. High thermal conductivity assemblies show the greatest sensitivity to mechanical loading conditions.

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