Cell performance of formic acid/hydrogen peroxide (HCOOH/H2O2) fuel cell, using commercial Pt-Ru/C, and prepared Pt-M/C (M = Ir, Mo, Co, Ag, W, Ni, Sn) bimetallic catalysts as anode catalysts are experimentally investigated and reported in this paper. Corresponding to cell performance, electrocatalytic activity of the system using commercially available and prepared catalysts is evaluated by linear sweep voltammetry technique (LSV). The result shows that the system using 20%Pt-10%Sn/C yields better formic acid oxidation reaction than that of other Pt-M/C bimetallic catalysts, but it is inferior to that of 20%Pt-10%Ru/C commercial catalyst. In addition, the cell performance of HCOOH/H2O2 fuel cell with various catalyst compositions of Pt and Sn content, in portions of 10:20, 15:15, and 20:10, respectively, is also studied. Comparison among those catalysts, 15%Pt-15%Sn/C yields better cell performance than the others. Levelized energy cost (LEC) and sensitivity analysis on LEC are also assessed.

References

References
1.
Yunjie
,
H.
,
Xiaochun
,
Z.
,
Jianhui
,
L.
,
Changpeng
,
L.
,
Tianhong
,
L.
, and
Wei
,
X.
, 2008, “
Preparation of Pd/C Catalyst for Formic Acid Oxidation Using a Novel Colloid Method
,”
Electrochem. Commun.
,
10
, pp.
621
624
.
2.
Rice
,
C.
,
Ha
,
S.
,
Masel
,
R. I.
, and
Wieckowski
,
A.
, 2003, “
Catalysts for Direct Formic Acid Fuel Cells
,”
J. Power Sources
,
115
, pp.
229
235
.
3.
Rice
,
C.
,
Ha
,
S.
,
Masel
,
R. I.
,
Waszczuk
,
P.
,
Wieckowski
,
A.
, and
Barnard
,
T.
, 2002, “
Direct Formic Acid Fuel Cells
,”
J. Power Sources
,
111
, pp.
83
89
.
4.
Jong-Ho
,
C.
, 2006, “
Electro-oxidation of Methanol and Formic Acid on PtRu and PtAu for Direct Liquid Fuel Cells
,”
J. Power Sources
,
163
, pp.
71
75
.
5.
Xingwen
,
Y.
, and
Peter
,
G. P.
, 2008, “
Recent Advances in Direct Formic Acid Fuel Cells (DFAFC)
,”
J. Power Sources
,
182
, pp.
124
132
.
6.
Xin
,
W.
,
Yawen
,
T.
,
Ying
,
G.
, and
Tianhong
,
L.
, 2008, “
Carbon-Supported Pd–Ir Catalyst as Anodic Catalyst in Direct Formic Acid Fuel Cell
,”
J. Power Sources
,
175
, pp.
784
788
.
7.
Ross
,
P. N.
, 1998, “Lipkowski,”
The Science of Electrocatalysis in Bimetallic Surface
,
J.
Ross
, ed.,
Wiley
,
New York
, pp.
63
66
.
8.
Young-Woo
,
R.
,
Su
,
Y. H.
, and
Richard
,
I. M.
, 2003, “
Crossover of Formic Acid Through Nafion® Membranes
,”
J. Power Sources
,
117
, pp.
35
38
.
9.
Thomas
,
C. E.
,
James
,
B. D.
,
Franklin
,
J.
, and
Lomax
,
D.
, 2000, “
Analysis of Residential Fuel Cell Systems and PNGV Fuel Cell Vehicles
,”
Proceedings of the 2000 US DOE Hydrogen Program Review
, NREL/CP-570-28890.
12.
Timothy
,
E. L.
,
Jennifer
,
L. E.
, and
Daniel
,
M. K.
, 2004, “
Fuel Cell System Economics: Comparing the Costs of Generating Power With Stationary and Motor Vehicle PEM Fuel Cell Systems
,”
Energy Policy
,
32
, pp.
101
125
.
13.
Sunita
,
S.
, 2009, “
Fuel Cell System for Transportation: Current Costs and Near-Term Challenges
,”
IPHE Joint ILC/SC Meeting
,
U.S. Department of Energy
.
18.
Jeong Soo
,
K.
, 2005, “
Effect of Temperature, Oxidant and Catalyst Loading on the Performance of Direct Formic Acid Fuel Cell
,”
Korean J. Chem. Eng.
,
22
, pp.
661
665
.
This content is only available via PDF.
You do not currently have access to this content.