Intermediate temperature solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs), which are highly tolerant against a thermal cycle, are studied by using the Ni–Fe porous alloy substrate prepared by an in situ reduction. It was found that Ni–Fe alloy exhibits high activity against anodic reaction and suitable compatibility with electrolyte. The electrolyte film of (LSGM) and (SDC) bilayer with thickness was successfully prepared on the dense composite anode. After a in situ reduction, the dense plate of was changed to the porous Ni–Fe alloy substrate; however, the LSGM film can keep the dense state. The prepared Ni–Fe alloy that supported LSGM cell demonstrated the maximum power densities of and at and . After heating up to within , there is no crack formed on the film and almost the theoretical open circuit voltage was exhibited. In addition, the maximum power density of was achieved at . After the thermal cycling, the decrease in the maximum power density was not large, and this suggests that the film is still gas tight and highly tolerant against the thermal cycle. Quick start characteristics of the metal support SOFC could expand the SOFC application to the electric source of a mobile-field-like automobile.
Ni–Fe Alloy-Supported Intermediate Temperature SOFCs Using Electrolyte Film for Quick Startup
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Ishihara, T., Yan, J., Enoki, M., Okada, S., and Matsumoto, H. (May 23, 2008). "Ni–Fe Alloy-Supported Intermediate Temperature SOFCs Using Electrolyte Film for Quick Startup." ASME. J. Fuel Cell Sci. Technol. August 2008; 5(3): 031205. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.2930763
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