The internal stress in anode-supported solid-oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) was evaluated by in situ measurement using high-energy x-ray synchrotron radiation. The oxidized cell had a compression of 400MPa in the c-ScSZ electrolyte thin film and a tension of 50–100 MPa in the NiO-YSZ anode substrate at room temperature. The internal stress decreased with increasing temperature, becoming approximately zero at 1000 K. Although the internal stress returned to its initial value after the thermal cycle, the stress decreased to 200MPa in the electrolyte after the reduction cycle because of the decrease of the coefficient of thermal expansion mismatch between the electrolyte and anode. The red-ox cycle would be detrimental for anode-supported SOFC.

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