Molecular dynamics (MD) simulation of yttria/scandia-stabilized zirconia (SSZ) with variably distributed Y/Sc dopant ions shows that energy is minimized when the dopants are uniformly spread apart, provided that the lattice maintains cubic fluorite symmetry. In contrast, highly clustered dopants are found to destabilize the cubic phase due to the presence of large regions of dopant-free zirconia. Computed oxygen diffusion coefficients and conductivity values consistently show that the Haven ratio is always less than one, indicating that correlation effects influence the motion of oxygen ions and vacancies. In addition, it is seen that the conductivity of crystals with noncubic symmetry is markedly anisotropic.
Dopant Clustering and Correlated Oxygen Migration in Conditionally Stabilized Zirconia Electrolytes
Contributed by the Advanced Energy Systems Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF FUEL CELL SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY. Manuscript received August 8, 2014; final manuscript received October 30, 2014; published online December 17, 2014. Editor: Nigel M. Sammes.
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Miller, S. P., Dunlap, B. I., and Fleischer, A. S. (April 1, 2015). "Dopant Clustering and Correlated Oxygen Migration in Conditionally Stabilized Zirconia Electrolytes." ASME. J. Fuel Cell Sci. Technol. April 2015; 12(2): 021003. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4029082
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