A 300 kW solid oxide fuel cell gas turbine (SOFC-GT) power plant simulator is evaluated with the use of a model reference adaptive control (MRAC) scheme, implemented for a set of nonlinear empirical transfer functions. The SOFC-GT simulator allows testing of various fuel cell models under a hardware-in-the-loop configuration that incorporates a 120 kW auxiliary power unit and balance-of-plant components in hardware, and a fuel cell model in software. The adaptation technique is beneficial to plants having a wide range of operation, and strong coupling interaction. The practical implementation of the adaptive methodology is presented through simulation in the Matlab/Simulink environment.

References

References
1.
Tucker
,
D.
,
Manivannan
,
A.
, and
Shelton
,
M. S.
,
2009
, “
The Role of Solid Oxide Fuel Cells in Advanced Hybrid Power Systems of the Future
,”
Interface
,
18
(
3
), pp.
45
48
.
2.
Winkler
,
W.
,
Nehter
,
P.
,
Tucker
,
D.
,
Williams
,
M.
, and
Gemmen
,
R.
,
2006
, “
General Fuel Cell Hybrid Synergies and Hybrid System Testing Status
,”
J. Power Sources
,
159
(
1
), pp.
656
666
.10.1016/j.jpowsour.2005.09.070
3.
Williams
,
M. C.
,
Strakey
,
J.
, and
Surdoval
,
W.
,
2006
, “
U.S. DOE Fossil Energy Fuel Cells Program
,”
J. Power Sources
,
159
(
2
), pp.
1241
1247
.10.1016/j.jpowsour.2005.12.085
4.
Tucker
,
D.
,
Gemmen
,
R.
, and
Lawson
,
L.
,
2005
, “
Characterization of Air Flow Management and Control in a Fuel Cell Turbine Hybrid Power System Using Hardware Simulation
,”
ASME
Paper No. PWR2005-50127. 10.1115/PWR2005-50127
5.
Tsai
,
A.
,
Banta
,
L.
,
Tucker
,
D.
, and
Gemmen
,
R.
,
2010
, “
Multivariable Robust Control of a Simulated Hybrid Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Gas Turbine Plant
,”
ASME J. Fuel Cell Sci. Technol.
,
7
(
4
), p.
041008
.10.1115/1.4000628
6.
Tsai
,
A.
,
Tucker
,
D.
, and
Groves
,
C.
,
2010
, “
Improved Controller Performance of Selected Hybrid SOFC-GT Plant Signals Based on Practical Control Schemes
,”
ASME J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power
,
133
(
7
), p.
071702
.10.1115/1.4002253
7.
Tsai
,
A.
,
Tucker
,
D.
, and
Perez
,
E.
,
2013
, “
Adaptive Control of Balance of Plant Components in a Fuel Cell Gas Turbine Power Plant Simulator
,”
ASME
Paper No. GT2013-95872.10.1115/GT2013-95872
8.
Haynes
,
C.
,
Tucker
,
D.
,
Hughes
,
D.
,
Wepfer
,
W.
,
Davies
,
K.
, and
Ford
,
C.
,
2011
, “
A Real-Time Spatial SOFC Model for Hardware-Based Simulation of Hybrid Systems
,”
ASME
Paper No. FuelCell2011-54591. 10.1115/FuelCell2011-54591
9.
Hughes
,
D.
,
Tucker
,
D.
,
Tsai
,
A.
,
Haynes
,
C.
, and
Rivera
,
Y.
,
2010
, “
Transient Behavior of a Fuel Cell/Gas Turbine Hybrid Using Hardware-Based Simulation With a 1-D Distributed Fuel Cell Model
,” 10th International Colloquium on Environmentally Preferred Advanced Power Generation (ICEPAG 2010), Costa Mesa, CA, Feb. 9–11.
10.
Tao
,
G.
,
1992
, “
Model Reference Adaptive Control of Multivariable Plants With Delays
,”
Int. J. Control
,
55
(
2
), pp.
393
414
.10.1080/00207179208934245
11.
Hoagg
,
J.
,
2011
, “
Model Reference Adaptive Control for Nonminimum Phase Systems Using a Surrogate Tracking Error
,”
50th IEEE Conference on Decision and Control and European Control Conference
(
CDC-ECC
), Orlando, FL, Dec. 12–15, pp.
360
365
.10.1109/CDC.2011.6160763
12.
Mirkin
,
B.
,
Gutman
,
P.
, and
Falcone
,
P.
,
2008
, “
Adaptive Output Feedback Control of MIMO Plants With Unknown Time-Varying State Delay
,”
American Control Conference
, Seattle, WA, June 11–13, pp.
4761
4766
.10.1109/ACC.2008.4587247
13.
Ioannou
,
P.
, and
Sun
,
J.
,
1996
,
Robust Adaptive Control
,
Prentice-Hall
, Upper Saddle River, NJ.
14.
Tao
,
G.
, and
Ioannou
,
P.
,
1988
, “
Robust Model Reference Adaptive Control for Multivariable Plants
,”
Int. J. Adapt. Control Signal Process.
,”
2
(
3
), pp.
217
248
.10.1002/acs.4480020305
15.
Restrepo
,
B.
,
Banta
,
L.
, and
Tucker
,
D.
,
2011
, “
Characterization of a Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Gas Turbine Hybrid System Based on a Factorial Design of Experiments Using Hardware Simulation
,”
ASME
Paper No. FuelCell2011-54146. 10.1115/FuelCell2011-54146
16.
Harun
,
N. F.
,
Tucker
,
D.
, and
Adams
,
T.
,
2014
, “
Fuel Composition Transients in Fuel Cell Turbine Hybrid for Polygeneration Applications
,”
Fuel Cell Science, Engineering, and Technology Conference
, Boston, MA, June 16–20,
ASME
Paper No. ES-FuelCell2014-6509.
17.
Pezzini
,
P.
,
Celestin
,
S.
, and
Tucker
,
D.
,
2014
, “
Cold Air as a Function of Pressure Drop in Fuel Cell Turbine Hybrid Systems
,”
Fuel Cell Science, Engineering, and Technology Conference
, Boston, MA, June 16–20, ASME Paper No. ES-FuelCell2014-6523.
You do not currently have access to this content.