Proton exchange membrane (PEM) fuel cell is regarded as one of the potential renewable energy which may provide a possible long-term solution to reduce carbon dioxide emissions, reduce fossil fuel dependency and increase energy efficiency. Even though great progress has been made, long-term stability and durability is still an issue. The contamination ion plays an important role on the electrical performance of PEM fuel cell. This paper investigates the effect of Mg2+ contamination on PEM fuel cell performance as a function of Mg2+ concentration. Two levels of Mg2+ concentration was chose. From the experimental results, it can be obtained that a significant drop in fuel cell performance occurred when Mg2+ was injected into the anode fuel stream. The voltage and power density of fuel cell decreased larger and larger with increase of Mg2+ concentration over time. The Mg2+ mainly caused the concentration polarization loss from the anode catalyst to the membrane in fuel cell.
Performance of Proton Exchange Membrane in the Presence of Mg2+
Contributed by the Advanced Energy Systems Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF FUEL CELL SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY. Manuscript received May 24, 2012; final manuscript received March 15, 2014; published online April 23, 2014. Assoc. Editor: Abel Hernandez-Guerrero.
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Li, G., Tan, J., Gong, J., Zhang, X., Xin, Y., and Hu, X. (April 23, 2014). "Performance of Proton Exchange Membrane in the Presence of Mg2+." ASME. J. Fuel Cell Sci. Technol. August 2014; 11(4): 044501. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4027391
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