Aluminum-air cells are very attractive systems due to their energy performance, namely their high energy density. Aluminum is a cheap and light material with a very high electropositive electrode potential, but a critical problem is its easy anodic oxidation in aqueous electrolytes complemented by hydrogen discharge. The purpose of this work was to study the electrochemical behavior of aluminum in strong alkaline medium in the presence of water-soluble organic compounds, such as carboxylic acids, amines, and amino acids in the perspective of self-corrosion control. The study was based on determinations of the amount of hydrogen released under potentiostatic polarization with separation of partial anodic and cathodic components. The effect of hydroxyl ion concentration and temperature on the electrochemical behavior of aluminum-water system was also analyzed. From the group of organic substances tested, the majority of them showed a significant inhibitory effect—given the high rate of self-corrosion of aluminum in these environments—especially the following: metacrylaminopropyl-trimethylammonium chloride (10.0 g/l) with an inhibitor efficiency of 69%; trimethylammonium chloride (10.0 g/l), with 67% efficiency; glycine (10.0 g/l) with 56% efficiency; alanine (10.9 g/l) with 40% efficiency; citric acid (10.0 g/l) with 38% efficiency; and tartaric acid (10.0 g/l) with 35% efficiency.

References

References
1.
Zaromb
,
S.
,
1962
, “
The Use and Behavior of Aluminum Anodes in Alkaline Primary Batteries
,”
J. Electrochem. Soc.
,
109
(12), pp.
1125
–1130.10.1149/1.2425257
2.
Nestoridi
,
M.
,
Pletcher
,
D.
,
Wood
,
R.
,
Wang
,
S.
,
Jones
,
R.
,
Stokes
,
K.
, and
Wilcock
,
I.
,
2008
, “
The Study of Aluminium Anodes for High Power Density Al/Air Batteries With Brine Electrolytes
,”
J. Power Sources
,
178
(1), pp.
445
–455.10.1016/j.jpowsour.2007.11.108
3.
Wilhelmsen
,
W.
,
Arnesen
,
T.
,
Hasvold
,
O.
, and
Storkersen
,
N.
,
1991
, “
The Electrochemical Behaviour of Al-In Alloys in Alkaline Electrolytes
,”
Electrochim. Acta
,
36
(1), pp.
78
–85.10.1016/0013-4686(91)85182-7
4.
Paramasivam
,
M.
, and
Iyer
,
S.
,
2011
, “
Influence of Alloying Additives on Corrosion and Hydrogen Permeation Through Commercial Aluminium in Alkaline Solution
,”
J. Appl. Electrochem.
,
31
(1), pp.
115
–119.10.1023/A:1004194832336
5.
Paramasivam
,
M.
,
Jayachandran
,
M.
, and
Iyer
,
S.
,
2003
, “
Influence of Alloying Additives on the Performance of Commercial Grade Aluminium as Galvanic Anode in Alkaline Zincate Solution for Use in Primary Alkaline Batteries
,”
J. Appl. Electrochem.
,
33
(3–4), pp.
303
–309.10.1023/A:1024141918663
6.
Abedin
,
S.
, and
Saleh
,
A.
,
2004
, “
Characterization of Some Aluminium Alloys for Application as Anodes in Alkaline Batteries
,”
J. Appl. Electrochem.
,
34
(3), pp.
331
–335.10.1023/B:JACH.0000015611.65219.64
7.
Birkin
,
P.
,
Nestoridi
,
M.
, and
Pletcher
,
D.
,
2009
, “
Studies of the Anodic Dissolution of Aluminium Alloys Containing Tin and Gallium Using Imaging With a High-Speed Camera
,”
Electrochim. Acta.
,
54
(26), pp.
6668
–6673.10.1016/j.electacta.2009.06.057
8.
Macdonald
,
D.
,
Urquidi-Macdonald
,
M.
,
Real
,
S.
,
Wheeler
,
J.
,
Frank
,
L.
,
Knerr
,
L.
,
Mitchell
,
L.
,
Schue
,
T.
,
Turk
,
T.
, and
Heidersbach
,
R.
,
1987
, “
Aluminium-Air Battery Development (Final Report), Vol. III: Aluminium Anode Development
,” Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, CA, Paper No. UCRL-21018.
9.
Macdonald
,
D.
,
Lee
,
K.
,
Moccari
,
A.
, and
Harrington
,
D.
,
1988
, “
Evaluation of Alloy Anodes for Aluminum-Air Batteries: Corrosion Studies
,”
Corrosion NACE
,
44
(9), pp.
652
–657.10.5006/1.3584979
10.
Macdonald
,
D.
,
Real
,
S.
, and
Urquidi-Macdonald
,
M.
,
1988
, “
Evaluation of Alloy Anodes for Aluminum-Air Batteries III. Mechanisms of Activation, Passivation, and Hydrogen Evolution
,”
J. Electrochem. Soc.
,
135
(10), pp.
2397
–2409.10.1149/1.2095347
11.
Mance
,
A.
,
Cerovic
,
D.
, and
Mihajlovic
,
A.
,
1984
, “
The Effect of Small Additions of Indium and Thallium on the Corrosion Behaviour of Aluminium in Sea Water
,”
J. Appl. Electrochem.
,
14
(4), pp.
459
–466.10.1007/BF00610810
12.
Despic
,
A.
,
Drazic
,
D.
,
Purenovic
,
M.
, and
Cikovic
,
N.
,
1976
, “
Electrochemical Properties of Aluminium Alloys Containing Indium, Gallium and Thallium
,”
J. Appl. Electrochem.
,
6
(6), pp.
527
–542.10.1007/BF00614541
13.
Mance
,
A.
,
Cerovic
,
D.
, and
Mihajlovic
,
A.
,
1985
, “
The Effect of Gallium and Phosphorus on the Corrosion Behaviour of Aluminium in Sodium Chloride Solution
,”
J. Appl. Electrochem.
,
15
(3), pp.
415
–420.10.1007/BF00615994
14.
Hori
,
Y.
,
Takao
,
J.
, and
Shomon
,
H.
,
1985
, “
Aluminium Alloys for Aluminium Primary Cell
,”
Electrochim. Acta
,
30
(9), pp.
1121
–1124.10.1016/0013-4686(95)80002-6
15.
Mideen
,
A.
,
Ganesan
,
Anbukulandainathan
,
M.
,
Sarangapani
,
K.
,
Balaramachandran
,
V.
,
Kapali
,
V.
, and
Iyer
,
S.
, “
Development of New Alloys of Commercial Aluminium (2S) With Zinc, Indium, Tin, and Bismuth as Anodes for Alkaline Batteries
,”
J. Power Sources
,
27
(3), pp.
235
–244.10.1016/0378-7753(89)80038-2
16.
Holzer
,
F.
,
Müller
,
S.
,
Desilvestro
,
J.
, and
Haas
,
O.
,
1993
, “
Aluminium Alloys in Sulphuric Acid Part I: Electrochemical Behaviour of Rotating and Stationary Disc Electrodes
,”
J. Appl. Electrochem.
,
23
(2), pp.
125
–134.10.1007/BF00246949
17.
Keir
,
D.
,
Pryor
,
M.
, and
Sperry
,
P.
,
1969
, “
The Influence of Ternary Alloying Additions on the Galvanic Behavior of Aluminum-Tin Alloys
,”
J. Electrochem. Soc.
,
116
(3), pp.
319
–322.10.1149/1.2411837
18.
Albert
,
I.
,
Kulandainathan
,
Ganesan
,
M.
, and
Kapali
,
V.
,
1989
, “
Characterisation of Different Grades of Commercially Pure Aluminium as Prospective Galvanic Anodes in Saline and Alkaline Battery Electrolyte
,”
J. Appl. Electrochem.
,
19
(4), pp.
547
–551.10.1007/BF01022112
19.
Tuck
,
C.
,
Hunter
,
J.
, and
Scamans
,
G.
,
1987
, “
The Electrochemical Behavior of Al-Ga Alloys in Alkaline and Neutral Electrolytes
,”
J. Electrochem. Soc.
,
134
(12), pp.
2970
–2981.10.1149/1.2100325
20.
Pengfei
,
S.
,
Geping
,
Y.
,
Baojia
,
X.
, and
Guoqi
,
L.
,
1993
, “
Studies on the Anodic Behavior of Aluminum Electrodes in Alkaline Solution
,”
J. Power Sources
,
45
(1), pp.
105
–109.10.1016/0378-7753(93)80012-E
21.
Shirkhanzadeh
,
M.
, and
Thompson
,
G.
,
1988
, “
A Ring Disc Study of Al-Ga Dissolution in Alkaline Solutions
,”
Electrochim. Acta
,
33
(7), pp.
939
–940.10.1016/0013-4686(88)80091-4
22.
Bockstie
,
J.
,
Trevethan
,
D.
, and
Zaromb
,
S.
,
1963
, “
Control of Al Corrosion in Caustic Solutions
,”
J. Electrochem. Soc.
,
110
(4), pp.
267
–271.10.1149/1.2425727
23.
Hirai
,
T.
,
Yamaki
,
J.
,
Okada
,
T.
, and
Yamaji
,
A.
,
1985
, “
Inhibiting Effects of Al Corrosion by Polymer Ammonium Chlorides in Alkaline Electrolyte
,”
Electrochim. Acta
,
30
(1), pp.
61
–67.10.1016/0013-4686(85)80059-1
24.
Hori
,
Y.
,
Takao
,
J.
, and
Shomon
,
H.
,
1986
, “
Improvements of Anode Properties of Aluminium Alloys for Aluminium Primary Cell: Heat Treatment and Corrosion Inhibitors
,”
Electrochim. Acta
,
31
(5), pp.
555
–559.10.1016/0013-4686(86)85032-0
25.
Kamel
,
J.
,
Awad
,
S.
, and
Kassab
,
A.
,
1981
, “
Non-Corrosive Action of the Tertiary Phosphate Ion on Aluminium
,”
J. Electroanal. Chem.
,
127
(1–3), pp.
195
–202.10.1016/S0022-0728(81)80478-0
26.
Awad
,
S.
,
Kamel
,
K.
, and
Kassab
,
A.
,
1981
, “
Effect of Anions on the Corrosion of Aluminium in Sodium: Part I. The Chromate Ion
,”
J. Electroanal. Chem.
,
127
(1–3), pp.
203
–209.10.1016/S0022-0728(81)80479-2
27.
Fouda
,
A. S.
,
Moussa
,
M. N.
,
Taha
,
F. I.
, and
Elneanaa
,
A. I.
,
1986
, “
The Role of Some Thiosemicarbazide Derivatives in the Corrosion Inhibition of Aluminum in HCl
,”
Corros. Sci.
,
26
(9), pp.
719
–726.10.1016/0010-938X(86)90035-1
28.
Fouda
,
A.
, and
El-Asmy
,
A.
,
1987
, “
Efficiency of Some Phenylthiosemicarbazide Derivatives in Retarding the Dissolution of Aluminum in NaOH Solution
,”
Monatshefte für Chemie
,
118
(6–7), pp.
709
–716.10.1007/BF00809220
29.
Mourad
,
J.
,
Seliman
,
S.
, and
Ibrahim
,
E.
,
1989
, “
The Inhibitive Action of Dimethyltin Dichloride Towards the Corrosion of Aluminium in Hydrochloric Acid and Sodium Hydroxide Solutions
,”
J. Chem. Tech. Biotechnol.
,
46
(1), pp.
27
–40.10.1002/jctb.280460104
30.
Hassan
,
S.
,
Moussa
,
M.
,
El-Tagoury
,
M.
, and
Radi
,
A.
,
1990
, “
Aromatic Acid Derivatives as Corrosion Inhibitors for Aluminium in Acidic and Alkaline Solutions
,”
Anti-Corrosion Methods and Materials
,
37
(
2
), pp. 8–11.10.1108/eb007261
31.
Moussa
,
J.
,
El-Tagoury
,
M.
,
Radi
,
A.
, and
Hassan
,
S.
,
1990
, “
Carboxylic Acids as Corrosion Inhibitors for Aluminium in Acidic and Alkaline Solutions
,”
Anti-Corrosion Methods and Materials
,
37
(
3
), pp. 4–8.10.1108/eb007262
32.
Maimoni
,
A.
,
1988
, “
Aluminium Air Battery: System Design Alternatives and Status of Components
,” Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, CA, Paper No. UCRL-53885.
33.
Sarangapani
,
K.
,
Balaramachandran
,
V.
,
Kapali
,
V.
,
Venkatakrishna
,
S.
, and
Potdar
,
M.
,
1985
, “
Aluminium as the Anode in Primary Alkaline Batteries
,”
Surf. Technol.
,
26
(1), pp.
67
–76.10.1016/0376-4583(85)90112-8
34.
Sarangapani
,
K.
,
Balaramachandran
,
V.
,
Kapali
,
V.
,
Iyer
,
S.
,
Potdar
,
M.
, and
Rajagopalan
,
K.
,
1984
, “
Aluminium as Anode in Primary Alkaline Batteries. Influence of Additives on the Corrosion and Anodic Behaviour of 2S Aluminium in Alkaline Citrate Solution
,”
J. Appl. Electrochem.
,
14
(4), pp.
475
–480.10.1007/BF00610812
35.
Macdonald
,
D.
, and
English
,
C.
,
1990
, “
Development of Anodes for Aluminium/Air Batteries—Solution Phase Inhibition of Corrosion
,”
J. Appl. Electrochem.
,
20
(3), pp.
405
–417.10.1007/BF01076049
36.
Kapali
,
V.
,
Venkatakrishna Iyer
,
S.
,
Balaramachandran
,
V.
,
Sarangapani
,
K.
,
Ganesan
,
M.
,
Anbu Kulandainathan
,
M.
, and
Shiek Mideen
,
A.
,
1992
, “
Studies on the Best Alkaline Electrolyte for Aluminium/Air Batteries
,”
J. Power Sources
,
39
(2), pp.
263
–269.10.1016/0378-7753(92)80147-4
37.
Stoychev
,
D.
,
Stoyanova
,
E.
, and
Rashkov
,
St.
,
1982
, “
On the Deposition of Thin Tin Coatings on Aluminium Alloys
,”
Bulg. Acad. Sci.
,
16
(4), pp.
418
–431.
38.
D.
Stoychev
, D., E.
Stoyanova
,
E.
, and
Rashkov
,
St.
, “
Deposition of Thin Tin Coatings on Aluminium Alloys
,”
Surface Technol.
,
23
(2), pp.
127
–141.10.1016/0376-4583(84)90119-5
39.
Stoychev
,
D.
,
Stoyanova
,
E.
, and
Kaushpedas
,
Z.
,
1988
, “
Othocho mexahизma ha фopmиpahe ha иmepcиohhи ctahathи пoкpиtия bъpxy aлymиhий
,”
Bulg. Acad. Sci.
,
21
, pp.
1
.
40.
Stoychev
,
D.
, and
Stoyanova
,
E.
,
1988
, “
Kinetics of the Anodic and Cathodic Processes During Immersion Treatment of Aluminium in Stannate Solution
,”
Bull. Electrochem.
,
4
(7), pp.
673
–678.
41.
Stoychev
,
D.
,
Hristova
,
I.
, and
Stoyanova
,
E.
,
1991
, “
Relationship Between the Adhesion and the Electrode Products During Immersion Stannate Processing
,”
Bull. Electrochem.
,
7
(5), pp.
215
–221.
42.
Abdel-Gaber
,
A. M.
,
Khamis
,
E.
,
Abo-ElDahab
,
H.
, and
Adeel
,
Sh.
,
2008
, “
Inhibition of Aluminium Corrosion in Alkaline Solutions Using Natural Compound
,”
Mater. Chem. Phys.
,
109
(2–3), pp.
297
–305.10.1016/j.matchemphys.2007.11.038
43.
Bommersbach
,
P.
,
Alemany-Dumont
,
C.
,
Millet
,
J.-P.
, and
Normand
,
B.
,
2005
, “
Formation and Behaviour Study of an Environment-Friendly Corrosion Inhibitor by Electrochemical Methods
,”
Electorchim. Acta
,
51
(6), pp.
1076
–1084.10.1016/j.electacta.2005.06.001
44.
Bommersbach
,
P.
,
Alemany-Dumont
,
C.
,
Millet
,
J.-P.
, and
Normand
,
B.
, “
Hydrodynamic Effect on the Behaviour of a Corrosion Inhibitor Film: Characterization by Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy
,”
Electrochim. Acta
,
51
(19), pp.
4011
–4018.10.1016/j.electacta.2005.11.020
45.
Aufray
,
M.
, and
Roche
,
A. A.
,
2006
, “
Residual Stresses and Practical Adhesion: Effect of Organo-Metallic Complex Formation and Crystallization
,”
J. Adhes. Sci. Technol.
,
20
(16), pp.
1889
–1903.10.1163/156856106779116650
46.
Ballerini
,
G.
,
Ogle
,
K.
, and
Barthés-Labrousse
,
M.-G.
,
2007
, “
The Acid–Base Properties of the Surface of Native Zinc Oxide Layers: An XPS Study of Adsorption of 1,2-Diaminoethane
,”
Appl. Surf. Sci.
,
253
(16), pp.
6860
–6867.10.1016/j.apsusc.2007.01.126
47.
Lehr
,
I. L.
, and
Saidman
,
S. B.
,
2006
, “
Characterisation and Corrosion Protection Properties of Polypyrrole Electropolymerised Onto Aluminium in the Presence of Molybdate and Nitrate
,”
Electrochim. Acta
,
51
(16), pp.
3249
–3255.10.1016/j.electacta.2005.09.017
48.
Lehr
,
I. L.
, and
Saidman
,
S. B.
,
2006
, “
Electrodeposition of Polypyrrole on Aluminium in the Presence of Sodium Bis(2-ethylhexyl) Sulfosuccinate
,”
Mater. Chem. Phys.
,
100
(2–3), pp.
262
–267.10.1016/j.matchemphys.2005.12.041
49.
Brown
,
J.
, and
Whitley
,
J.
,
1987
, “
Electrochemical Behaviour of Aluminium in Aqueous Caustic Solutions
,”
Electrochim. Acta
,
32
(4), pp.
545
–556.10.1016/0013-4686(87)87040-8
50.
Greef
,
R.
, and
Norman
,
C.
,
1985
, “
Ellipsometry of the Growth and Dissolution of Anodic Oxide Films on Aluminum in Alkaline Solution
,”
J. Electorchim. Soc.
,
132
(1), pp.
2362
–2369.10.1149/1.2113578
51.
Chu
,
D.
, and
Savinell
,
R.
,
1991
, “
Experimental Data on Aluminum Dissolution in KOH Electrolytes
,”
Electrochim. Acta
,
36
(10), pp.
1631
–1638.10.1016/0013-4686(91)85017-2
52.
K.
Yatsimirskii
, K., and V.
Vasilev
,
V.
,
1960
,
Instability Constants of Complex Compounds
,
Pergamon
,
London
.
53.
Mackay
,
K.
, and
Mackay
,
R.
,
1974
,
Introducción a la Química Inorgánica Moderna
,
Editorial Reverté
S. A., Barcelona
.
You do not currently have access to this content.