In this paper we study the effect of Niad-atoms on the activity of a Pd/Pyy nanocomposite anode, we find that the catalytic activity of an anode towards methanol oxidation increased by threefold in the presence of Niad-atoms.

References

References
1.
Gottesfeld
,
S.
, and
Pafford
,
J.
,
1988
, “A New Approach to the Problem of Carbon Monoxide Poisoning in Fuel Cells Operating at Low Temperatures,”
J. Electrochem. Soc.
,
135
(10), pp.
2651
–2652.10.1149/1.2095401
2.
Igarashi
,
H.
,
Fujino
,
T.
, and
Watanabe
,
M.
,
1995
, “Hydrogen Electro-Oxidation on Platinum Catalysts in the Presence of Trace Carbon Monoxide,”
J. Electroanal. Chem.
,
391
(1–2), pp.
119
–123.10.1016/0022-0728(95)03914-3
3.
Shukla
,
A. K.
,
Jackson
,
C. L.
, and
Scott
,
K.
,
2003
, “The Promise of Fuel Cell-Based Automobiles,”
Bull. Mater. Sci.
26
(2), pp.
207
–214.10.1007/BF02707792
4.
Pone de Leo'n
,
C.
,
Walsh
,
F. C.
,
Pletcher
,
D.
,
Browning
,
D. J.
, and
Akeman
,
J. B.
,
2006
, “Direct Borohydride Fuel Cells,”
J. Power Sources
,
155
(2), pp.
172
–181.10.1016/j.jpowsour.2006.01.011
5.
Lamy
,
C.
,
Lima
,
A.
,
LeRuhn
,
V.
,
Delime
,
F.
,
Coutanceau
,
C.
, and
Leger
,
J. M.
,
2002
, “Recent Advances in the Development of Direct Alcohol Fuel Cells (DAFC),”
J. Power Sources
,
105
(2), pp.
283
–296.10.1016/S0378-7753(01)00954-5
6.
Han
,
J.
, and
Park
,
E.-S.
,
2002
, “Direct Methanol Fuel-Cell Combined With a Small Back-Up Battery,”
J. Power Sources
,
112
(2), pp.
477
–483.10.1016/S0378-7753(02)00441-X
7.
Arico
,
A. S.
,
Srinivasan
,
S.
, and
Antonucci
,
V.
,
2001
, “DMFCs: From Fundamental Aspects to Technology Development,”
Fuel Cells
,
1
(2), pp.
133
–162.10.1002/1615-6854(200107)1:2<133::AID-FUCE133>3.0.CO;2-5
8.
Shukla
,
A. K.
,
Jackson
,
C. L.
,
Scott
,
K.
, and
Raman
,
R. K.
,
2002
, “An Improved-Performance Liquid-Feed Solid-Polymer-Electrolyte Direct Methanol Fuel Cell Operating at Near-Ambient Conditions,”
Electrochim. Acta
47
(21), pp.
3401
–3407.10.1016/S0013-4686(02)00276-1
9.
Clavilier
,
J.
,
Lamy
,
C.
, and
Leger
,
J. M.
,
1981
, “Electrocatalytic Oxidation of Methanol on Single Crystal Platinum Electrodes. Comparison With Polycrystalline Platinum,”
J. Electroanal. Chem.
,
125
(1), pp.
249
–254.10.1016/S0022-0728(81)80342-7
10.
Bewick
,
A.
,
Kunimastsu
,
K.
,
Pons
,
B. S.
, and
Russel
,
J. W.
,
1984
, “Electrochemically Modulated Infrared Spectroscopy (EMIRS): Experimental Details,”
J. Electroanal. Chem.
,
160
(1–2), pp.
47
–61.10.1016/S0022-0728(84)80114-X
11.
Iwasita
,
T.
, and
Vielstich
,
W.
,
1991
, “Identification of Methanol Adsorbates on Platinum: An In Situ FT-IR Investigation,”
J. Electroanal. Chem.
,
317
(1–2), pp.
291
–298.10.1016/0022-0728(91)85022-H
12.
Meli
,
G.
,
Leger
,
J. M.
,
Lamy
,
C.
, and
Durand
,
R. C.
,
1993
, “Direct Electrooxidation of Methanol on Highly Dispersed Platinum-Based Catalyst Electrodes: Temperature Effect,”
J. Appl. Electrochem.
,
23
(3), pp.
197
–202.10.1007/BF00241909
13.
Beden
,
B.
,
Leger
,
J. M.
, and
Lamy
,
C.
,
1992
,
Modern Aspects of Electrochemistry
, Vol.
22
,
J. O.'M.
Bockris
,
B. E.
Conway
, and
R. E.
White
, eds.,
Plenum
,
New York
, p.
97
.
14.
Kadigram
,
F.
,
Beden
,
B.
,
Leger
,
J. M.
, and
Lamy
,
C.
,
1981
, “Synergistic Effect in the Electrocatalytic Oxidation of Methanol on Platinum+Palladium Alloy Electrodes,”
J. Electroanal. Chem.
,
125
(1), pp.
89
–103.10.1016/S0022-0728(81)80326-9
15.
Parsons
,
R.
, and
Van der Noot
,
T.
,
1988
, “The Oxidation of Small Organic Molecules: A Survey of Recent Fuel Cell Related Research,”
J. Electroanal. Chem.
,
257
(1–2), pp.
9
–45.10.1016/0022-0728(88)87028-1
16.
Azdic
,
R.
,
Armor
,
M.
, and
Tripkovic
,
A.
,
1984
, “Structural Effects in Electrocatalysis: Oxidation of Formaldehyde on Gold and Platinum Single Crystal Electrodes in Alkaline Solution,”
J. Electrochem. Acta
,
29
(10), pp.
1353
–1357.10.1016/0013-4686(84)87010-3
17.
Bagtotzky
,
V. S.
, and
Vassilyev
,
Y. B.
,
1967
, “Mechanism of Electro-Oxidation of Methanol on the Platinum Electrode,”
J. Electrochim. Acta
,
12
(9), pp.
1323
–1343.10.1016/0013-4686(67)80047-1
18.
Lamy
,
C.
Leger
,
J. M.
, and
Clavilier
,
J.
,
1982
, “Structural Effects in the Electrooxidation of Methanol in Alkaline Medium: Comparison of Platinum Single Crystal and Polycrystalline Electrodes,”
J. Electroanal. Chem.
,
135
(2), pp.
321
–328.10.1016/0368-1874(82)85130-7
19.
Beden
,
B.
,
Kadrigan
,
F.
,
Lamy
,
C.
, and
Leger
,
J. M.
,
1982
, “Oxidation of Methanol on a Platinum Electrode in Alkaline Medium: Effect of Metal ad-Atoms on the Electrocatalytic Activity,”
J. Electroanal. Chem.
,
142
(1–2), pp.
171
–190.10.1016/S0022-0728(82)80014-4
20.
Morallon
,
E.
,
Vazquez
,
J. L.
, and
Aldaz
,
A.
,
1990
, “Electrochemical Behaviour of Basal Single Crystal Pt Electrodes in Alkaline Medium,”
J. Electroanal. Chem.
,
288
(1–2), pp.
217
–228.10.1016/0022-0728(90)80036-6
21.
Tripkovic
,
A.
,
Popovic
,
K. D.
,
Molcilvoic
,
J. D.
, and
Drazic
,
D. M.
,
1996
, “Kinetic and Mechanistic Study of Methanol Oxidation on a Pt(111) Surface in Alkaline Media,”
J. Electroanal. Chem.
,
418
(1–2), pp.
9
–20.10.1016/S0022-0728(96)04849-8
22.
Tripkovic
,
A.
,
Popovic
,
K. D.
,
Molcilvoic
,
J. D.
, and
Drazic
,
D. M.
,
1998
, “Kinetic and Mechanistic Study of Methanol Oxidation on a Pt(100) Surface in Alkaline Media,”
J. Electroanal. Chem.
,
448
(2), pp.
173
–181.10.1016/S0022-0728(97)00141-1
23.
Tripkovic
,
A.
,
Popovic
,
K. D.
,
Molcilvoic
,
J. D.
, and
Drazic
,
D. M.
,
1998
, “Kinetic and Mechanistic Study of Methanol Oxidation on a Pt(110) Surface in Alkaline Media,”
J. Electrochim. Acta.
,
44
(6–7), pp.
1135
–1145.10.1016/S0013-4686(98)00216-3
24.
Kho
,
B. K.
,
Bae
,
B.
,
Scibioh
,
M. A.
,
Lee
,
J.
, and
Ha
,
H. Y.
,
2005
, “On the Consequences of Methanol Crossover in Passive Air-Breathing Direct Methanol Fuel Cells,”
J. Power Sources
,
142
(
1–2
), pp.
50
55
.10.1016/j.jpowsour.2004.10.027
25.
Kundu
,
A.
,
Jang
,
J. H.
,
Gil
,
J. H.
,
Lee
,
H. R.
,
Kim
,
S. H.
,
Ku
,
B
, and
Oh
,
Y. S.
,
2007
, “Micro-Fuel Cells—Current Development and Applications,”
J. Power Sor.
,
170
(1), pp.
67
–78.10.1016/j.jpowsour.2007.03.066
26.
Guascito
,
M. R.
,
Boffi
,
P.
,
Malitesta
,
C.
,
Sabbatini
,
L.
, and
Zambonin
,
P. G.
,
1996
, “
Conductive Polymer Electrodes Modified by Metallic Species for Electrocatalytic Purposes—Spectroscopic and Microscopic Investigation
,”
Mater. Chem. Phys.
,
44
(1), pp.
17
–24.10.1016/0254-0584(95)01653-C
27.
Beden
,
B.
,
Kadigran
,
F.
,
Lamy
,
C.
, and
Leger
,
J. M.
,
1982
, “Oxidation of Methanol on a Platinum Electrode in Alkaline Medium: Effect of Metal ad-Atoms on the Electrocatalytic Activity,”
J. Electroanal. Chem. Interfac. Electrochem.
,
142
(1–2), pp.
171
–190.10.1016/S0022-0728(82)80014-4
28.
Samant
,
P. V.
,
Fernandes
,
J. B.
,
Rangel
,
C. M.
, and
Figueiredo
,
J. L.
,
2005
, “Carbon Xerogel Supported Pt and Pt–Ni Catalysts for Electro-Oxidation of Methanol in Basic Medium,”
Catal. Today
,
103
, pp.
173
176
.10.1016/j.cattod.2005.02.039
You do not currently have access to this content.