Ultrahigh efficiency, ultralow emission fuel cell gas turbine (FC/GT) hybrid technology represents a significant breakthrough in electric power generation. FC/GT hybrid designs are potentially fuel flexible, dynamically responsive, scalable, low-emission generators. The current work develops a library of dynamic component models and system design tools that are used to conceptualize and evaluate hybrid cycle configurations. The physical models developed for the design analysis are capable of off-design simulation, perturbation analysis, dispatch evaluation, and control development. A parametric variation of seven fundamental design parameters provides insights into design and development requirements of FC/GT hybrids. As the primary generator in most configurations, the FC design choices dominate the system performance, but the optimal design space may be substantially different from a stand-alone FC system. FC operating voltage, fuel utilization, and balance of plant component sizing has large impacts on cost, performance, and functionality. Analysis shows that hybridization of existing fuel cell and gas turbine technology can approach 75% fuel-to-electricity conversion efficiency.
Hybrid Fuel Cell Gas Turbine System Design and Optimization
Contributed by the Advanced Energy Systems Division of ASME for publication in the Journal of Fuel Cell Science and Technology. Manuscript received February 25, 2013; final manuscript received April 16, 2013; published online June 17, 2013. Editor: Nigel M. Sammes.
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McLarty, D., Brouwer, J., and Samuelsen, S. (June 17, 2013). "Hybrid Fuel Cell Gas Turbine System Design and Optimization." ASME. J. Fuel Cell Sci. Technol. August 2013; 10(4): 041005. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4024569
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