Pipeline System Automation and Control
6 Applications for Operation
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This chapter discusses software applications for tracking batches and other quantities, monitoring station performance, optimizing energy and facility usage, detecting abnormal operating conditions, and training the pipeline operators with a computer-based training system. These tools can help the pipeline operations staff operate the pipeline system safely and efficiently. It describes these in terms of operating concept, system architecture, and applications.
These applications are classed as “real-time modeling (RTM) system”, because they are directly or indirectly interfaced with the host SCADA system for their operations. Depending on the application, some may be used off-line while others in real-time. Even though each of these applications can be used as a stand-alone application separately, this chapter describes them as if they are integrated.
Most operation tools are based on a transient hydraulic model, but a few applications such as pipeline system design on steady-state model due to performance constraints and∕or technical limitations. Refer to Appendix 2 for the comparison of a steady-state model with a transient model. Leak detection is one of the real-time applications, but it is discussed in Chapter 7 due to its unique but essential nature of the application.