Pipeline Operation & Maintenance: A Practical Approach, Second Edition
3 Overview of Pipeline System Operation
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- Ris (Zotero)
- Reference Manager
This generally consists of pipeline systems operation and control [including supervisory control and data acquisition (SCADA) and leak detection] as well as field operation and maintenance, and is generally applicable across the pipeline industry whether transporting gas or liquids. However, operational planning and management of liquid pipelines differ from those of gas pipelines depending on the number of liquid products that are simultaneously transported from different suppliers/shippers, storage facilities available and delivery locations or customers. Typical of North American oil and refined products (including batched) pipeline systems are those that stretch between Canada (Albeta) and through the USA (Figure 3.1).
Multi-batched products pipelines usually transport many (between 75–120) different commodity products including crude (light, medium and heavy), condensate, refined petroleum products (motor gasoline, diesel fuels, aviation fuels), synthetic oil and natural gas liquids (NGL) (propane, butane and condensate mixtures) from different shipping sources with line fill capacities of several million barrels.
An example of this is the KMP Product Pipelines (Morgan, 2002) covering more than 16000 km of pipeline transporting over 2 million barrels per day of gasoline, jet fuel and diesel fuel, as well as natural gas liquids. This system includes associated storage terminals and transmix processing facilities. It has 12 liquids terminals with a storage capacity of 35.6 million barrels.