Pipeline Operation & Maintenance: A Practical Approach, Second Edition
2 Operation and Maintenance Organization
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- Ris (Zotero)
- Reference Manager
Pipeline organizations are unique because they need to be customer focused, often cover a large geographic area, and require three fairly distinct types of equipment and facilities: pipelines, measurement equipment and pumps or compressors. These major factors influence the functions that are performed and the resultant organizational structure. It should be noted that this chapter deals with operations and maintenance aspects and does not cover other functions that a pipeline organization may decide to participate in such as design and construction.
To prepare a proper basis for a logical approach to the organizational structure, general functions are first described. The various factors that influence an actual organizational structure are then discussed. A typical organization is then presented and followed by a discussion of operational and maintenance processes. Since codes, standards, policies and procedures play a major role in pipeline safety and effectiveness, they are also described.
With the global changes occurring in today's economy, it is becoming increasingly important for pipeline companies to consider the role and impact of maintenance. It has become more common for companies to talk about asset management instead of maintenance. Underlying the organizational structure is a set of processes that are largely similar for all types of equipment. Maintenance and resource planning and scheduling also follow similar methods and approaches. Since the asset management approach needs to be consistently applied to all organizational units, it is also discussed in this chapter.