Handbook of Integrated and Sustainable Buildings Equipment and Systems, Volume I: Energy Systems
10 Modeling Building Air Conditioning Energy Consumption in Dense Urban Environments
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Dense urban environments are exposed to the combined effects of rising global temperatures and urban heat islands, a thermal gradient between the urban centers and the less urbanized surroundings suburbs. This combination results in increasing energy demands in cities, associated mostly to air conditioning, to maintain indoor human comfort conditions. Cities are becoming denser as population from rural areas is migrating towards urban centers worldwide. Given the anticipated increased of energy demands from cities in the future, it is imperative to develop new methodologies to quantify energy demands from buildings in very dense urban environments.