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Engineering Practice with Oilfield and Drilling Applications

By
Donald W. Dareing
Donald W. Dareing
University of Tennessee
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ISBN:
9781119799498
No. of Pages:
626
Publisher:
ASME-Wiley
Publication date:
2022

Romans arches were used to form bridges, aqueducts, and buildings, including the Coliseum. Arches accommodate uniform loads quite well, but concentrated load, especially at the center point, cause instability and possible collapse [1]. Instability was solved by building wall-type extension, called spandrels, outside of arches. The Romans also discovered how to make concrete to solidify the spandrels. Horizontal support at the base of arches was also essential. Stone arches were used throughout Europe until the early 1700s.

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