Advanced Multifunctional Lightweight Aerostructures: Design, Development, and Implementation
8. An Efficient Far-Field Noise Prediction Framework for the Next Generation of Aircraft Landing Gear Designs
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In the early 1950s, aircraft noise was considered as one of the environmental noise impacts when turbo-jet engines were used to power aeroplanes. Thus, the aircraft noise issue was dominated by jet noise (i.e. a propulsive noise). However, in the early 1970s, the airframe of the aircraft itself has become the major source of noise after development of quieter engines (e.g. turbofan engines with high bypass ratios) . Landing gears (LGs) are among the main noise sources generated during the approach-to-land phase of flight compared with the other airframe components [2, 3]. Since the number of people who live near airports is rapidly increasing, the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) has imposed strict regulations on the aircraft noise level [4, 5]. Both US and European governments have set a target for 2020 to minimize the noise level by 50% near airport areas . By 2050, the overall noise level of the aircraft should be further reduced by 65% . A summary of aircraft noise history with the future targeted percentage of noise level reduction is depicted in Figure 8.1.