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Biomass and Waste Energy Applications
K.R. Rao
K.R. Rao
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ASME Press
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Today’s agriculture industry within the United States (US) produces a wide variety of biomass with an estimated tonnage of available biomass well over 500 million dry tons per year at prices less than $60/ton [1]. The predominantly available biomass types in the US are cultured chemical crops, crop residuals, wood, wood wastes, animal processing wastes, and manures. About half of these agricultural biomasses are actually waste materials. Alternatively, over 240 million dry tons of municipal solids wastes (MSW) are produced each year within the US with over 80% thermally reactive [2] making MSW another viable feedstock for producing solid fuels. The yard trimmings component of MSW (lignocellulosic fraction) represents about 20 million dry tons per year in the US. When producing energetic products (and associated co-products) from biomass, both the cultured raw products and wastes have served as effective feedstocks with limited success at being economically viable – particularly with regard to transportation fuels. Much more success has been observed with using biomass as a fuel for electrical power and/or heat production.

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