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Biomass and Waste Energy Applications
K.R. Rao
K.R. Rao
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ASME Press
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Biomass and bioenergy present unique opportunities to meet our demands for renewable energy and climate resilience. This chapter provides an overview of biomass fuels and resources, the biomass power industry, conventional and new technologies, and future trends. It is intended to provide an introduction and guide to people who are new to bioenergy while describing practical experience with energy technologies. The economics and science of biomass conversion have changed since our overview in 2011 [1]. Biomass resources are increasingly diversified in some areas and depleted in others. Technologies convert of all kinds of biomass to solid, liquid, and gaseous fuels for cooking, heating, cooling and power generation and carbon coproducts which can help restore food security and provide climate resilience. New in this chapter are recent trends in biomass trade, urban wood fuels, key aspects of boiler reliability and efficiency, trends in cofiring, torrefaction, the emergence of biochar as a co-product that can restore soil health and improve climate resilience, and practical considerations of conversion processes such as torrefaction, pyrolysis, gasification and combustion, their current use and future trends.

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