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Introduction to Plastics Engineering
Vijay K. Stokes
Vijay K. Stokes
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ASME Press
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The shape of an object designed to serve a particular function is determined by the properties and formability of the material of which it is made. The examples in Section 1.5 of bridge construction using three materials – stone, cast iron, and steel – showed that the basic shape of a part or device rendered in different materials can be very different. The choice of shapes – shape synthesis – is well understood for metals applications, and even for advanced composites. But this process has not been systematically explored for plastics – even though they are now routinely used in almost all spheres of human activity, from ubiquitous plastics bags, and water and beverage bottles, to plastic toys, to audio devices, to many medical devices including plastic knee replacement prostheses, to infrastructure items such as composite bridges and sewer systems, and to large-scale applications advanced composites in commercial aircraft.

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