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Fatigue has often been described as the most common cause of failure in engineering structures, and designers of pressure vessels and piping have incorporated fatigue considerations into design requirements since the first edition of Section III in 1963. The development of this technology and its application in Section III are discussed in Chapter 39 of the third edition of this publication. Its application in Section XI is discussed in Section 32.3 of this chapter.
With the advancement of the state of the art, the ability to recognize how the growth and size of a crack can lead to failure...