25. Welding, Brazing and Fusing Qualifications
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This chapter covers the qualification of welding, brazing, and plastic fusing procedures and the qualification of individuals performing these procedures as required by the Construction Codes of the ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel and Piping Codes. It first traces the history of Section IX, outlines the organization of the Section, and reviews the scope of weld processes that Section IX addresses. Section IX contains rules for the qualification of the several weld processes such as oxyfuel welding, shielded metal arc welding, submerged arc welding, gas metal arc welding, gas tungsten arc welding, and plasma arc, among others. The chapter then describes the classification of ASME base materials as given in Section IX. It explains the general requirements for both the welding procedure and welder performance qualification as well as the variables applicable to the welding procedure and welder performance qualification. The chapter also discusses the requirements to perform Charpy V-notch impact testing of the weld procedure qualification. It outlines the requisites for conducting the following testing and examination methods for groove weld and pressure-retaining fillet weld procedure qualification: tension test, guided-bend test, visual examination, volumetric examination, macroexamination, and fracture test. The qualification rules for two special weld processes, corrosion-resistant weld metal overlay and hardfacing overlay, are also explained. General requirements for brazing procedure and brazer performance qualification and the variables applicable to brazing procedure and brazer performance qualification are subsequently addressed. Finally, the chapter summarizes the general requirements for fusing procedure and fusing machine operator performance qualifications and identifies the variables applicable to fusing procedure and fusing machine operator performance qualification.