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Chapter 52, authored by Ronald S. Hafner, covers the historical Development of U.S. Regulations for the Transportation of Radioactive Materials. The discussion in this Chapter is a highly condensed version of the information presented previously in Chapter 52 of the Second Edition of the Companion Guide to the ASME Boiler & Pressure Vessel Code. This Chapter offers a high-level overview of the information presented previously, including all of the appropriate references. Primarily based on the requirements for Type B quantities of radioactive material, the information present-ed in this chapter includes a number of citations that describe the detailed interactions that have taken place between a variety of U.S. governmental agencies, commissions, and departments, such as, the Department of Transportation and its predecessor, the Interstate Commerce Commission, the Department of Energy and its predecessors, the Energy Resource and Development Agency and the Atomic Energy Commission, and the Nuclear Regulatory Commission, etc. The information presented also includes numerous citations from the interactions that have also taken place between these governmental agencies and the International Atomic Energy Agency.
From a regulatory perspective, the information presented covers the time period from 1965 through 2004, or about 40 years. Starting in 1978, however, the information also begins to look into the interactions that have taken place between the regulatory requirements for transportation packages specified in 10 CFR 71 and the regulatory guidance for transportation packages provided by the NRC in the form of Reg. Guides, NUREGs, and NUREG/CRs. As is shown throughout the chapter, the regulatory guidance provided by the NRC specifically notes that the regulatory requirements of 10 CFR 71 can be met using the additional requirements defined in specific sections of the ASME's Boiler & Vessel Pressure Code as a metric for the design, fabrication, assembly, testing, use, and maintenance of packagings used for the transport of Type B quantities of radioactive materials.