Biomedical Applications of Vibration and Acoustics in Therapy, Bioeffect and Modeling
1 Oscillation of Airway Smooth Muscle as a Potential Non-Medicinal Treatment for Asthma
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In this chapter, the potential for mechanical oscillations as a novel approach for the treatment of asthma is discussed. Asthmatic attacks are induced by contraction of the smooth muscles of a human airway. These contractions can be dampened by muscle-length oscillations such as those that occur during breathing. Alteration of these breathing patterns, for instance, by superposing pressure wave oscillations, could help to reduce airway smooth muscle contraction during an asthmatic attack. The aim of this chapter is to review the influence of oscillations on airway smooth muscle including both experimental investigations and mathematical modeling.