II. Principles of Hazard Recognition and Control
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At the outset, designers must realize that the equipment or products they are helping create will ultimately be used by human beings. These people vary considerably in both physical and mental abilities. Both products and manufacturing proceses have some unavoidable degree of hazard associated with them. One of the first steps for the safety conscious designer to take, therefore, is to identify all of the major hazards which may apply. This constitutes the initial line of defense in their control and minimization. There are a number of identification techniques which have developed and these are discussed in detail by Marshall, Hammer and others.