Advances in Computers and Information in Engineering Research, Volume 1
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Topology optimization  has rapidly evolved from an academic exercise into an exciting discipline with numerous industrial applications. Such applications include optimization of aircraft components , , spacecraft modules , automobile components , cast components , compliant mechanisms , , , , etc. In structural analysis, topology optimization may be posed as (see illustration in Fig. 2.1). In other words, one must find the optimal topology that minimizes a specific objective function and meets certain constraints, within the given design space. Typical objective functions include mass, compliance, etc. Constraints include stress constraints, manufacturing constraints, buckling constraints, etc.