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Nanotechnology is the understanding and control of matter at dimensions between 1 and 100 nanometers. Materials at these scales usually exhibit unique characteristics and can provide significant technical and economic advancement with novel applications. Although promising, most nanotechnology research only focuses on dozens of or a few hundred particles or molecules. To realize large-scale devices and commercializable products, massive assembly techniques with high-volume high-rate output are required. This poses a great challenge to the nanomanufacturing research community. That is, how to fabricate nanomaterials and devices in a repeatable and scalable way such that nanotechnology becomes commercially viable. Scaling up nanotechnology from laboratory setup to industry-level production is critical to enable mass-scale impacts of nanotechnology on our daily lives.