10 Exploring the Factors of Sustainable Development in Hot and Dry Regions of Iran
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Iran has great history in sustainable architecture from more than 2000 years, one of the main regions in the Middle East that has a lot of cases in sustainable architecture and special design. Center of Iran is occupied by dry and hot weather. How to deal with the problem to hot weather, without using new technologies, is the main propose of this research and our ancestor know it. This paper investigates the special elements of architectural design which are mainly based on Islamic notions considering Iranian architectural values as well as vernacular building methods. This research focuses on inspire elements which were created by inhabitants of arid regions. These designs are compatible with the dry climate sustainable principles physically. These rules help to architectures have tendency to design based on sustainable development.