Proceedings of the Eighth International Conference on Probabilistic Safety Assessment & Management (PSAM)
185 Sleep Deprivation Effect on Human Performance: A Meta-Analysis Approach (PSAM-0010)
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Human fatigue is hard to define since there is no direct measure of fatigue, much like stress. Instead fatigue must be inferred from measures that are affected by fatigue. One such measurable output affected by fatigue is reaction time. In this study the relationship of reaction time to sleep deprivation is studied. These variables were selected because reaction time and hours of sleep deprivation are straightforward characteristics of fatigue to begin the investigation of fatigue effects on performance.
Meta-analysis, a widely used procedure in medical and psychological studies, is applied to the variety of fatigue literature collected from various fields in this study. Meta-analysis establishes a procedure for coding and analyzing information from various studies to compute an effect size. In this research the effect size reported is the difference between standardized means, and is found to be −0.6341, implying a strong relationship between sleep deprivation and performance degradation.