Proceedings of the Eighth International Conference on Probabilistic Safety Assessment & Management (PSAM)
19 Guidelines for Cross-Border Tunnel Incident Management in the European Union (PSAM-0107)
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In Europe, an increasing number of road tunnels are realized. In 2002, 398 Trans European Network (TEN) tunnels existed, and between 2002 and 2010, additional 114 TEN road tunnels are realized . Several of these tunnels cross national borders, such as the Mont Blanc (France-Italy) or the Fréjus (Spain-France). In particular the cross-border or trans-boundary aspect might hamper the emergency response actions in tunnels in case of an accident for example caused by language problems. Examples of these hampered actions concern the Mont Blanc tunnel inferno and the Eurotunnel fire. These accidents made clear that cross-border tunnels have peculiar aspects...