Most U.S. power reactors were built with one concept in mind: to produce electricity as efficiently, economically, and safely as possible. Plants were not designed to facilitate simple and efficient deconstruction. Since decommissioning was not planned by the original construction team, dismantling is a completely new process that must be learned for each unique facility. Fortunately, the process is becoming more predictable and manageable because of experience gained to date. Dismantling is probably the phase of decommissioning with the strongest visual impact. A major portion of the project involves dismantling, removal, and size reduction of concrete structures and metal components,...