5 Internal Requirements of the DOE
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In general, environmental laws, regulations, and other requirements for decommissioning of facilities under DOE management are interpreted and communicated through a directives system and are imposed on specific projects through contracts. The internal focus is on the final phases of the life cycle, including deactivation, decommissioning, surveillance and maintenance, and any potential transfer of ownership. The management system includes mandatory requirements, such as policy notices, orders, notices, and manuals, and guidance with some implementation flexibility, including the graded application of certain technical standards and guides. In addition, the management system is supported by optional handbooks, voluntary standards, and other documents illustrating established practices for meeting requirements. A thorough understanding of this system requires acceptance that the DOE is a mission-oriented federal agency with its share of statutory intricacies, diverse sites, and a diverse set of contractors.