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Tribology of Mechanical Systems: A Guide to Present and Future Technologies

By
Jože Vižintin
Jože Vižintin
Center for Tribology and Technical Diagnostics,
University of Ljubljana
,
Slovenia
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Mitjan Kalin
Mitjan Kalin
Center for Tribology and Technical Diagnostics,
University of Ljubljana
,
Slovenia
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Kuniaki Dohda
Kuniaki Dohda
Gifu University
,
Japan
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Said Jahanmir
Said Jahanmir
MiTiHeart Corporation
,
USA
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ISBN-10:
0791802094
No. of Pages:
342
Publisher:
ASME Press
Publication date:
2004

Access to European facilities by EU cross-border industrial customers is limited, and this is especially the case for Small and Medium Enterprises (SME) companies. This is not only due to geographical reasons, but also a lack of information and the fact that national institutes prefer to foster their national customers. This situation considerably hampers the dissemination of project results and technology transfer at the European level.

On the other hand, due to evermore complex industrial problems and specialization of laboratories in the field of tribology, the latter are now unable to provide complete and full service to industrial requirements by themselves. A new type of collaboration between laboratories is needed to offer the industry full tribological service, no matter the geographical location.

And why do we need a virtual institute for tribology? The tribology research field itself is very important, with applications to all industrial sectors including the aerospace, automotive, engineering, construction, biomedical, textile, optical and microelectronics industries. Tribology is a generic technology and a so-called enabling technology that makes it possible to develop new products and processes. Tribology contributes to the modernization of industry, and has a strong impact on resource (energy and materials) consumption through development of better quality products and more efficient production. To point out just a few issues:

• Tribology has a significant impact on efficient production, design, manufacturing and control through implementation of novel materials and new technologies, resulting in performances that until now remained unachievable. Many tribologists are working in the field of high-precision technologies using micro-electromechanical systems (MEMs), nanostructured materials, etc.

• Extending service life, improving lubrication, and facilitating disassembly and reuse of materials are key elements for the so-called design for the environment. Tribology has a major impact on the conservation of scarce resources, higher energy efficiency and prolonged component lifetimes, and thus represents a key element in the sustainable growth of our industrial society.

• Tribology research contributes to the implementation of advanced material technologies and innovative design concepts in industry. Such technological developments create a need for highly skilled technical staff, which results in an increased level of education and the creation of jobs in industrialized Europe.

• Tribology is most concerned with improving the efficiency and reliability of machinery, production equipment and systems for manufacturing, which has positive effects on health and safety as well as job satisfaction.

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