2.1 Some Aspects of Russian Regulation and Codes in Nuclear Power
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A first known historical example of safety regulation activity in Russia took place in the beginning of 18th century. On December 10, 1719, Emperor Peter the Great founded a special Berg Board for regulation of booming mining business in Russia. All state and private business units were subjected to regulation procedures, including safety issues of manpower and taxes. Before that responsibility for mining with different requirements and procedures was on local authorities. In 1734 an outstanding Russian geographer and captain of artillery Vassily Tatishchev prepared first Mining Regulatory Guide that was used in regional districts up to 1804 when it was officially approved by the capital Saint-Petersburg City Administration. In 1804 Russian Empire was divided into five mining administrative districts with Berg Inspectors as chief district officers.