Design of Hazardous Mechanical Structures, Systems and Components for Extreme Loads
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Acceptance or behavior criteria for mechanical components are typically given in terms of allowable stresses as a function of both specified minimum yield and ultimate strength (stress). These allowable stresses have been developed as a function of the experience with pressure vessel and piping failures over the past 100 years of service.
It is expected that over the next 100 years, allowable stress criteria will gradually give way to more direct measures of failure probability, as discussed in Chapter 2.