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Fundamentals of Rotating Machinery Diagnostics

Donald E. Bently
Donald E. Bently
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Charles T. Hatch
Charles T. Hatch
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Bob Grissom
Bob Grissom
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ASME Press
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The most common complaint by operators of rotating machinery is high vibration. The second most common complaint is high bearing temperature. High bearing temperature is almost always associated with a high dynamic or static radial load; such a load can be caused by process conditions, various mechanical factors, coupling malfunctions, or misalignment. Radial loads and misalignment have similar symptoms; in fact, misalignment usually produces high radial loads in one or more bearings. Thus, the diagnosis of both of these malfunctions uses closely related techniques. For that reason, we will study both malfunctions in this chapter.

Static Radial Loads
What Is Misalignment?
Temperature Changes and Alignment
Causes of Misalignment
Symptoms of High Radial Load and Misalignment
Bearing Temperature
Vibration Changes
Stresses and Wear
Abnormal Average Shaft Centerline Position
Orbit Shape
Fluid-Induced Instability
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