Nearly 60 years ago, Professor Kalman presented his “A New Approach to Linear Filtering and Prediction Problems” at an American Society of Mechanical Engineering conference, and he subsequently published this paper in the ASME Journal of Basic Engineering. This Special Section issue of the ASME Journal of Dynamic Systems, Measurement, and Control is published in his honor and for his work that changed the world. I wish to thank Professor Tarunraj Singh of the University of Buffalo for diligently leading this effort. He was ably supported in this endeavor by Professor Prashant Mehta of the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign and his colleague at the University of Buffalo, Professor Puneet Singla.