Accurate locating of the weld seam under strong noise is the biggest challenge for automated welding. In this paper, we construct a robust seam detector on the framework of deep learning object detection algorithm. The representative object algorithm, a single shot multibox detector (SSD), is studied to establish the seam detector framework. The improved SSD is applied to seam detection. Under the SSD object detection framework, combined with the characteristics of the seam detection task, the multifeature combination network (MFCN) is proposed. The network comprehensively utilizes the local information and global information carried by the multilayer features to detect a weld seam and realizes the rapid and accurate detection of the weld seam. To solve the problem of single-frame seam image detection algorithm failure under continuous super-strong noise, the sequence image multifeature combination network (SMFCN) is proposed based on the MFCN detector. The recurrent neural network (RNN) is used to learn the temporal context information of convolutional features to accurately detect the seam under continuous super-noise. Experimental results show that the proposed seam detectors are extremely robust. The SMFCN can maintain extremely high detection accuracy under continuous super-strong noise. The welding results show that the laser vision seam tracking system using the SMFCN can ensure that the welding precision meets industrial requirements under a welding current of 150 A.