Knowledge of the tire-road information is not only very crucial in many active safety applications but also significant for self-driving cars. The tire-road information mainly consists of tire-road friction coefficient and road-tire friction forces. However, precise measurement of tire-road friction coefficient and tire forces requires expensive equipment. Therefore, the monitoring of tire-road information utilizing either accurate models or improved estimation algorithms is essential. Considering easy availability and good economy, this paper proposes a novel adaptive unified monitoring system (AUMS) to simultaneously observe the tire-road friction coefficient and tire forces, i.e., vertical, longitudinal, and lateral tire forces. First, the vertical tire forces can be calculated considering vehicle body roll and load transfer. The longitudinal and lateral tire forces are estimated by an adaptive unified sliding mode observer (AUSMO). Then, the road-tire friction coefficient is observed through the designed mode-switch observer (MSO). The designed MSO contains two modes: when the vehicle is under driving or brake, a slip slope method (SSM) is used, and a recursive least-squares (RLS) identification method is utilized in the SSM; when the vehicle is under steering, a comprehensive friction estimation method is adopted. The performance of the proposed AUMS is verified by both the matlab/simulinkCarSim co-simulation and the real car experiment. The results demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed AUMS to provide accurate monitoring of tire-road information.
Adaptive Unified Monitoring System Design for Tire-Road Information
Contributed by the Dynamic Systems Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF DYNAMIC SYSTEMS, MEASUREMENT,AND CONTROL. Manuscript received April 10, 2018; final manuscript received October 15, 2018; published online March 27, 2019. Assoc. Editor: Vladimir Vantsevich.
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Cheng, S., Mei, M., Ran, X., Li, L., and Zhao, L. (March 27, 2019). "Adaptive Unified Monitoring System Design for Tire-Road Information." ASME. J. Dyn. Sys., Meas., Control. July 2019; 141(7): 071006. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4043113
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