This paper has been written to develop closed-form equations for describing the theoretical displacement of a check-valve type, digital displacement pump. In theory, the digital displacement pump is used to alter the apparent volumetric displacement of the machine by short circuiting the flow path for reciprocating pistons within the machine that would ordinarily deliver a full volumetric flow rate to the discharge side of the pump. The short circuiting for the pistons is achieved by opening and closing a digital valve connected to each piston chamber at a desired time during the kinematic cycle for each reciprocating piston. Experience with these machines has shown that the expected volumetric displacement for the machine tends to decrease with pressure. This paper presents a theoretical explanation for the reduced volumetric displacement of the pump and quantifies the expected behavior based upon the digital valve command, the residual volume of fluid within a single piston chamber, and the fluid bulk modulus-of-elasticity. In summary, it shown that the apparent volumetric displacement of the machine may be reduced by as much as 10% for high-displacement commands and by as much as 30% for low-displacement commands.

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