Kinematic calibration is commonly used to improve the accuracy of a parallel mechanism. This paper presents an effective method for calibrating an overconstrained three degrees-of-freedom parallel manipulator employing a direct kinematic model. An error-mapping function is formulated from the differential of its kinematic model which is established through vector chains with the geometrical errors. To simplify the measurement of the error, the positioning and orientation error of the moving platform is replaced by the positioning error of the tool center point, which can be measured by a laser tracker accurately. Three different objective functions F1, F2, and F∞, respectively, representing 1-norm, 2-norm, and inf-norm of the error vector are used to identify the geometrical parameters of the manipulator. The results of computer simulation show that parameters after kinematic calibration through minimizing the objective function F2 is highly accurate and efficient. A calibration experiment is carried out to verify the effectiveness of the method. The maximum residual of calibration points reduces greatly from 3.904 to 0.256 mm during parameter identification. The positioning errors of all points on and inside the space surrounded by the calibration points are smaller than 0.4 mm after error compensation.
Kinematic Calibration of a Three Degrees-of-Freedom Parallel Manipulator With a Laser Tracker
Contributed by the Dynamic Systems Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF DYNAMIC SYSTEMS, MEASUREMENT,AND CONTROL. Manuscript received January 4, 2017; final manuscript received October 8, 2018; published online November 22, 2018. Assoc. Editor: Manish Kumar.
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He, L., Li, Q., Zhu, X., and Wu, C. (November 22, 2018). "Kinematic Calibration of a Three Degrees-of-Freedom Parallel Manipulator With a Laser Tracker." ASME. J. Dyn. Sys., Meas., Control. March 2019; 141(3): 031009. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4041749
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