Axial piston pumps with variable volumetric displacement are often used to control flow and pressure in hydraulic systems. The displacement control mechanism in these pumps occupies significant space and accounts for significant cost in the pump design. Fixed displacement pumps have lower cost and a more compact design but suffer from a significant energy consumption disadvantage due to the need to control flow and pressure by throttling flow and bypassing unused flow to pressures below the discharge pressure. An inlet metering valve-controlled pump marks a recent development in pumping technology for hydraulic systems. In this design, an inlet metering valve restricts inlet flow reducing inlet pressure so that the specific volume of the fluid is increased as it enters a fixed displacement pump. By altering the specific volume of the working fluid, the inlet metering valve permits precise control over the pump discharge flow. This paper presents a theoretical model for inlet metered pump efficiency. The work considers additional sources of energy loss unique to the inlet metering system. Experimental results associated with inlet metered pump efficiency are presented. A comparison of the theoretical model and the experimental results is also included. It is determined that the current efficiency model accurately predicts efficiencies determined using experimental data.
Efficiency of a Fixed Displacement Pump With Flow Control Using an Inlet Metering Valve
Contributed by the Dynamic Systems Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF DYNAMIC SYSTEMS, MEASUREMENT,AND CONTROL. Manuscript received April 17, 2017; final manuscript received September 25, 2018; published online October 29, 2018. Editor: Joseph Beaman.
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Ali, H. H., Wisch, J. K., Fales, R. C., and Manring, N. D. (October 29, 2018). "Efficiency of a Fixed Displacement Pump With Flow Control Using an Inlet Metering Valve." ASME. J. Dyn. Sys., Meas., Control. March 2019; 141(3): 031001. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4041606
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