This paper introduces a control problem of regulation of energy flows in a two-site electricity and heat supply system, where two combined heat and power (CHP) plants are interconnected via electricity and heat flows. The control problem is motivated by recent development of fast operation of CHP plants to provide ancillary services of power system on the order of tens of seconds to minutes. Due to the physical constraint that the responses of the heat subsystem are not necessary as fast as those of the electric subsystem, the target controlled state is not represented by any isolated equilibrium point, implying that stability of the system is lost in the long-term sense on the order of hours. In this paper, we first prove in the context of nonlinear control theory that the state-space model of the two-site system is nonminimum phase due to nonexistence of isolated equilibrium points of the associated zero dynamics. Instead, we locate a one-dimensional (1D) invariant manifold that represents the target controlled flows completely. Then, by utilizing a virtual output under which the state-space model becomes minimum phase, we synthesize a controller that achieves not only the regulation of energy flows in the short-term regime but also stabilization of an equilibrium point in the long-term regime. Effectiveness of the synthesized controller is established with numerical simulations with a practical set of model parameters.
Structural Analysis and Control of a Model of Two-Site Electricity and Heat Supply
Contributed by the Dynamic Systems Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF DYNAMIC SYSTEMS, MEASUREMENT,AND CONTROL. Manuscript received April 8, 2018; final manuscript received April 21, 2019; published online June 3, 2019. Assoc. Editor: Umesh Vaidya.
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Hoshino, H., Susuki, Y., John Koo, T., and Hikihara, T. (June 3, 2019). "Structural Analysis and Control of a Model of Two-Site Electricity and Heat Supply." ASME. J. Dyn. Sys., Meas., Control. October 2019; 141(10): 101004. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4043703
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