The paper proposes a method to estimate the contact resistance inside the outlet between a charging cable and an electric vehicle. First, an electrothermal model of some components close to the contact area inside the vehicle outlet (in the female part of the outlet) and of the harness inside the vehicle is proposed. The charging cable and the associated components are the male parts of the outlet and are not modeled as these components are not identical for each charging. They also depend on the mode and the charging infrastructure used. It is only supposed that the charging cable evacuates an unknown thermal heat rate. A linear approximation of the electrothermal model is then obtained and used to design a closed-loop estimator of the total heat rate at the contact area. Using this information, a least square method is used to estimate the contact resistance that can be deduced from the first values of the total heat rate after a step variation of the current in the charging cable.
Electrical Contact Resistance Estimation With Application to Electric Vehicle Charging Cable
Contributed by the Dynamic Systems Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF DYNAMIC SYSTEMS, MEASUREMENT, AND CONTROL. Manuscript received November 9, 2016; final manuscript received August 1, 2017; published online November 10, 2017. Assoc. Editor: Shankar Coimbatore Subramanian.
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Sabatier, J., Chevrié, M., Farges, C., Guillemard, F., and Pradere, L. (November 10, 2017). "Electrical Contact Resistance Estimation With Application to Electric Vehicle Charging Cable." ASME. J. Dyn. Sys., Meas., Control. April 2018; 140(4): 041003. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4037531
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