Lifting up a cage with miners via a mining cable causes axial vibrations of the cable. These vibration dynamics can be described by a coupled wave partial differential equation-ordinary differential equation (PDE-ODE) system with a Neumann interconnection on a time-varying spatial domain. Such a system is actuated not at the moving cage boundary, but at a separate fixed boundary where a hydraulic actuator acts on a floating sheave. In this paper, an observer-based output-feedback control law for the suppression of the axial vibration in the varying-length mining cable is designed by the backstepping method. The control law is obtained through the estimated distributed vibration displacements constructed via available boundary measurements. The exponential stability of the closed-loop system with the output-feedback control law is shown by Lyapunov analysis. The performance of the proposed controller is investigated via numerical simulation, which illustrates the effective vibration suppression with the fast convergence of the observer error.

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