In this paper, an analysis is applied to a hybrid airship considering the added mass. First, based on the dynamic mesh technology, a computational fluid dynamics (CFD) method is employed to obtain the added mass coefficient matrix. Through a validation process using the 6:1 prolate spheroid, the 6 × 6 added mass matrix of hybrid airship is obtained. After a dynamic modeling, the equations of motion with added mass are developed. Through the linearization based on small perturbation, the linearized longitude model is used to simulate the dynamic response of a trim condition. The take-off and landing performance has been analyzed and affected by the added mass. The result shows an obvious vertical destabilizing trend on the hybrid airship dynamics due to the added mass and the inertial effect has little influence on the vehicle during the take-off and landing.

References

References
1.
Brandon
,
B.
,
2010
, “
The Suitability of Hybrid vs. Conventional Airships for Persistent Surveillance Missions
,”
AIAA
Paper No. 2010-1014.
2.
Tatievsky
,
A.
, and
Tsach
,
S.
,
2012
, “
Cargo Airships Prospective
,”
Israel Annual Conference on Aerospace Sciences
, Tel-Aviv, Israel, Feb. 29–Mar. 1, pp.
313
323
.
3.
Prentice
,
B. E.
, and
Knotts
,
R.
,
2014
, “
Cargo Airships: International Competition
,”
J. Transp. Technol.
,
4
(3), pp. 187–195.
4.
Carichner
,
G. E.
, and
Nicolai
,
L. M.
,
2013
,
Fundamentals of Aircraft and Airship Design: Airship Design and Case Studies
, Vol.
II
,
American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics (AIAA)
, Reston, VA.
5.
Khoury
,
G. A.
,
2012
,
Airship Technology
,
Cambridge University Press
, New York.
6.
Lamb
,
H.
,
1932
,
Hydrodynamics
,
Cambridge University Press
, Cambridge, UK.
7.
Munk
,
M. M.
,
1924
, “
The Aerodynamic Forces on Airship Hulls
,” National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics, Washington, DC, Report No.
NACA-TR-184
.https://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp?R=19930091249
8.
Lin
,
Z.
, and
Liao
,
S.
,
2011
, “
Calculation of Added Mass Coefficients of 3D Complicated Underwater Bodies by FMBEM
,”
Commun. Nonlinear Sci. Numer. Simul.
,
16
(
1
), pp.
187
194
.
9.
Lamb
,
H.
,
1918
, “
The Inertia Coefficients of an Ellipsoid Moving in Fluid
,” British Aeronautical Research Committee, UK, Report No.
623
.http://naca.central.cranfield.ac.uk/reports/arc/rm/623.pdf
10.
Munk
,
M. M.
,
1924
, “
Some Tables of the Factor of Apparent Additional Mass
,” National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics, Washington, DC, Report No.
NACA-TN-197
https://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp?R=19930080984.
11.
Hess
,
J. L.
,
1972
, “
Calculation of Potential Flow About Arbitrary Three-Dimensional Lifting Bodies
,” Douglas Aircraft Company, Long Beach, CA, Report No.
MDC-J0971-01
.http://www.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/755480.pdf
12.
Hess
,
J. L.
, and
Smith
,
A. M. O.
,
1967
, “
Calculation of Potential Flow About Arbitrary Bodies
,”
Prog. Aerosp. Sci.
,
8
(
8
), pp.
1
138
.
13.
Raza
,
N.
,
Mehmood
,
I.
,
Rafiuddin
,
H.
, and
Rafique
,
M.
,
2012
, “
Numerical Simulation of Added Mass Determination of Standard Ellipsoids
,”
International Bhurban Conference on Applied Sciences and Technology
(
IBCAST
), Islamabad, Pakistan, Jan. 9–12, pp.
419
425
.
14.
Feng, S.
,
Wei X.
,
Sun L.
,
Xie, L.
, and
Wei, Y.
,
2015
, “
Calculation on Added Mass of Cylinder Moving Along Its Axis in Flow Field
,”
Comput. Aided Eng.
,
24
(
2
), epub.
15.
Mueller
,
J.
,
Paluszek
,
M.
, and
Zhao
,
Y.
,
2013
, “
Development of an Aerodynamic Model and Control Law Design for a High Altitude Airship
,”
AIAA
Paper No. 2004-6479.
16.
Liu
,
D.
,
Wang
,
X. L.
, and
Shan
,
X. X.
,
2006
, “
Added Mass to Stratospheric Airship and It's Effect on Motion
,”
Comput. Simul.
,
23
(
6
), pp.
52
56
.
17.
Tuveri
,
M.
,
Ceruti
,
A.
, and
Marzocca
,
P.
,
2014
, “
Added Masses Computation for Unconventional Airships and Aerostats Through Geometric Shape Evaluation and Meshing
,”
Int. J. Aeronaut. Space Sci.
,
15
(
3
), pp.
241
257
.
18.
Atkinson
,
C.
, and
Urso
,
R.
,
2006
, “
Modeling of Apparent Mass Effects for the Real-Time Simulation of a Hybrid Airship
,”
AIAA
Paper No. 2006-6619.
19.
Li
,
Y.
, and
Nahon
,
M.
,
2007
, “
Modeling and Simulation of Airship Dynamics
,”
J. Guid. Control Dyn.
,
30
(
6
), pp.
1691
1700
.
20.
Li
,
Y.
,
2008
, “
Dynamics Modeling and Simulation of Flexible Airships
,”
AIAA J.
,
47
(
3
), pp.
592
605
.
21.
Jex
,
H.
,
Magdaleno
,
R.
,
Gelhausen
,
P.
, and
Tischler
,
M.
,
1987
, “
Pre- and Post-Flight-Test Models Versus Measured Skyship-500 Controlresponses
,”
AIAA
Paper No. 87-2508.
22.
Frye
,
M. T.
,
Gammon
,
S. M.
, and
Qian
,
C.
, “
The 6-DOF Dynamic Model and Simulation of the Tri-Turbofan Remote-Controlled Airship
,”
American Control Conference
(
ACC'07
), New York, July 9–13, pp.
816
821
.
23.
Zhang
,
K.-S.
,
Han
,
Z.-H.
, and
Song
,
B.-F.
,
2010
, “
Flight Performance Analysis of Hybrid Airship: Revised Analytical Formulation
,”
J. AIRCR.
,
47
(
4
), pp.
1318
1330
.
24.
Carrión
,
M.
,
Steijl
,
R.
,
Barakos
,
G. N.
, and
Stewart
,
D.
,
2016
, “
Analysis of Hybrid Air Vehicles Using Computational Fluid Dynamics
,”
J. Aircr.
,
53
(4), pp. 1001–1012.
25.
Carrion
,
M.
,
Biava
,
M.
,
Steijl
,
R.
,
Barakos
,
G. N.
, and
Stewart
,
D.
,
2015
, “
CFD Studies of Hybrid Air Vehicles
,”
AIAA
Paper No. 2016-0059.
26.
Carichner
,
G. E.
, and
Nicolai
,
L. M.
,
2013
,
Fundamentals of Aircraft and Airship Design: Airship Design and Case Studies
,
American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics
, Reston, VA.
27.
Chaabani
,
S.
,
Azouz
,
N.
,
Lerbet
,
J.
, and
Abichou
,
A.
, “
Modelling of an Unconventional Airship
,”
ASME
Paper No. ESDA2012-82143.
28.
Zhu
,
M.
,
Liu
,
L.
, and
Zheng
,
Z.
,
2015
, “
Dynamic Control Allocation for a Stratospheric Airship With Redundant Control Systems
,”
Control and Decision Conference
(
CCDC
), Qingdao, China, May 23–25, pp.
2716
2723
.
29.
Han
,
D.
,
Wang
,
X. L.
,
Chen
,
L.
, and
Duan
,
D. P.
,
2015
, “
Adaptive Backstepping Control for a Multi-Vectored Thrust Stratospheric Airship With Thrust Saturation in Wind
,”
Proc. Inst. Mech. Eng. Part G
,
230
(
1
), pp.
10396
10409
.
30.
Andan
,
A. D.
,
Asrar
,
W.
, and
Omar
,
A. A.
,
2012
, “
Investigation of Aerodynamic Parameters of a Hybrid Airship
,”
J. AIRCR.
,
49
(
2
), pp.
658
662
.
31.
Kornienko
,
A.
,
2006
, “
System Identification Approach for Determining Flight Dynamical Characteristics of an Airship From Flight Data
,”
Ph.D. thesis
, Uni Stuttgart-Universitätsbibliothek, Stuttgart, Germany.https://www.deutsche-digitale-bibliothek.de/binary/PVUQWQ7DCALBTGJHZMALMTSBWYPIBV3H/full/1.pdf
32.
Korotkin
,
A. I.
,
2009
,
Added Masses of Ship Structures
,
Springer
, Dordrecht,
The Netherlands
.
You do not currently have access to this content.