Onboard vehicle parameter estimation is an important procedure for advanced vehicle control tasks, especially for vehicles whose payload configurations vary in day-to-day use. This study presents a newly proposed estimation method based on the Ackermann’s steering geometry (ASG) that aims to estimate multiple vehicle's center of gravity (CG) position and inertial parameters at the same time. In this method, the vehicle planar motion equations are first synthesized into a form where only the lateral force of one front wheel and longitudinal forces appear. This way, the influence of uncertainties in the tire lateral force models is greatly reduced. Then, the condition of eliminating the remaining front wheel lateral force term can be derived, which is exactly the Ackermann’s steering geometry. When the influence of lateral tire force terms are eliminated, regression technique is applied to estimate the needed vehicle parameters. Vehicle’s suspension kinematics is also considered in the processing of dynamic signals. Unlike conventional methods in estimating vehicle’s payload related parameters, the new method requires neither lateral tire force model nor accurate suspension property parameters. Simulations in CarSim®-Simulink environment verified that the proposed method is capable of estimating vehicle parameters such as CG position and inertial parameters at the same time.
Simultaneous Estimation of Vehicle’s Center of Gravity and Inertial Parameters Based on Ackermann’s Steering Geometry
Contributed by the Dynamic Systems Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF DYNAMIC SYSTEMS, MEASUREMENT, AND CONTROL. Manuscript received March 6, 2016; final manuscript received September 26, 2016; published online January 10, 2017. Assoc. Editor: Shankar Coimbatore Subramanian.
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Yu, Z., and Wang, J. (January 10, 2017). "Simultaneous Estimation of Vehicle’s Center of Gravity and Inertial Parameters Based on Ackermann’s Steering Geometry." ASME. J. Dyn. Sys., Meas., Control. March 2017; 139(3): 031006. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4034946
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