Conservation of momentum is often used in controlling underactuated mechanical systems with symmetry. If a symmetry-breaking force is applied to the system, then the momentum is not conserved any longer in general. However, there exist forces linear in velocity such as the damping force that break the symmetry but induce a new conserved quantity in place of the original momentum map. This paper formalizes a new conserved quantity which can be constructed by combining the time integral of a general damping force and the original momentum map associated with the symmetry. From the perspective of stability theories, the new conserved quantity implies the corresponding variable possesses the self recovery phenomenon, i.e., it will be globally attractive to the initial condition of the variable. We discover that what is fundamental in the damping-induced self recovery is not the positivity of the damping coefficient but certain properties of the time integral of the damping force. The self recovery effect and theoretical findings are demonstrated by simulation results using the two-link planar manipulator and the torque-controlled inverted pendulum on a passive cart. The results in this paper will be useful in designing and controlling mechanical systems with underactuation.
Damping-Induced Self Recovery Phenomenon in Mechanical Systems With an Unactuated Cyclic Variable
Contributed by the Dynamic Systems Division of ASME for publication in the Journal of Dynamic Systems, Measurement, and Control. Manuscript received December 2, 2011; final manuscript received June 26, 2012; published online November 7, 2012. Assoc. Editor: Won-jong Kim.
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Eui Chang, D., and Jeon, S. (November 7, 2012). "Damping-Induced Self Recovery Phenomenon in Mechanical Systems With an Unactuated Cyclic Variable." ASME. J. Dyn. Sys., Meas., Control. March 2013; 135(2): 021011. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4007556
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