A method for suppressing residual vibrations in flexible systems is presented and experimentally demonstrated. The proposed method is based on the preconditioning of the inputs to the system using low-pass Finite Impulse Response (FIR) digital filters. Provided that the cutoff frequency of FIR filters is selected lower than the lowest expected natural frequency of the system and their stop-band is maximized, we show that these filters can be designed to exhibit maximally robust behavior with respect to changes of the system natural frequencies. To perform the proper design of FIR filters for robust vibration suppression, this paper introduces a series of dimensionless performance indexes and the Delay-Error-Order (DEO) curves that represent graphically the delay time introduced by the filter as a function of the remaining residual vibrations, and the filter order. Several classes of FIR filters such as: a) Parks-McClellan; b) Window-based methods (using Chebyshev window); and c) Constrained Least Squares method, are shown to present maximally robust behavior, almost identical to the theoretically predicted. Parallel, they demonstrate excellent vibration suppression while they introduce the minimum possible delay. Further advantages offered by the proposed method, is that no modeling of the flexible system is required, the method can be used in a variety of systems exhibiting vibrations, it is independent of the guidance function and it is simple to implement in practical applications. The results are experimentally verified on a flexible aluminum beam with a significantly varying mass, attached to the end-effector of a robot manipulator. The beam is rotated, using one joint of the manipulator, from an initial to a final position. It is shown that the preconditioned inputs to the flexible system induce very little amount of residual vibrations compared to the inputs with no preconditioning.
Maximally Robust Input Preconditioning for Residual Vibration Suppression Using Low-Pass FIR Digital Filters
Contributed by the Dynamic Systems and Control Division for publication in the JOURNAL OF DYNAMIC SYSTEMS, MEASUREMENT, AND CONTROL. Manuscript received by the Dynamic Systems and Control Division July 27, 2000. Associate Editor: J. Tu.
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Economou, D., Mavroidis, C., Antoniadis, I., and Lee, C. (July 27, 2000). "Maximally Robust Input Preconditioning for Residual Vibration Suppression Using Low-Pass FIR Digital Filters ." ASME. J. Dyn. Sys., Meas., Control. March 2002; 124(1): 85–97. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.1434272
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