The dynamic equation of a robotic manipulator with joint irregularities is formulated and employed for the prediction of the positioning accuracy and precision of a robotic manipulator in high-speed operation. The mathematical model is derived by incorporating a dynamic model of irregular joints in an ideal robotic equation and employing the Lagrangian formulation. The joint irregularity is modelled as an elastic sliding pair which consists of a journal with an irregular surface sliding on the surface of an elastic bearing. By employing Gaussian linearization methods, the operational accuracy and precision of the robotic manipulator are obtained from mean and covariance propagation equations of the robotic system. The operation of a single-arm robotic manipulator with joint irregularities is investigated for demonstrating the applications of the present techniques.

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