Modeling of heat exchangers using true bond graphs with temperature and rate of change of entropy as power variables is presented. Techniques used for modeling of irreversabilities and compressible flows are shown. The results of two and three lump models are compared with experimental results, with the agreement between those low order models and the experimental results being good. This paper shows how well a three lump model (6th order) can predict the dynamics of an actual reversal of flow. Heat exchanger response to mass flow rate oscillation is presented.

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